Though he was unable to decipher the Minoans' three written scripts, his detailed study of them gave the necessary basis for later work, culminating in the reading of in 1952.
The method is based on the assumption that typologies evolved at the same rate and in the same way over a wide area or alternatively on assumptions of diffusion.
Many of the chronologies constructed before the advent of showed some of the links established by cross-dating to be invalid, so the method has become somewhat discredited.
This term refers to the relation of one stratigraphical unit to another, by petrological, osteological, lithographic, cultural, chronological, or palaeontological means.
For example, stratigraphic units may be correlated using palaeontological criteria, methods, and position relative to the glacial-interglacial cycle by examining physical and biological attributes.
He was the son of SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: index fossil concept; index species CATEGORY: artifact; technique DEFINITION: A fossil with widespread geographical range but which is restricted in time to a brief existence.
In archaeology, it is a theory that proposes that strata containing similar fossil assemblages will tend to be of similar age.
, in which figures in solar years (often with some necessary margin of error) can be applied to a particular event.
Unless tied to historical records, dating by archaeological methods can only be relative -- such as stratigraphy, typology, , fluorine and nitrogen test, and radiometric assay.
A type of cross-dating has always been used in geology and stratigraphical sequences are often correlated by the assemblages of fossils they contain; this is known as biostratigraphy.
The archaeological versions of cross-dating may have been developed directly out of the geological method and may have been based on a false analogy between biological fossils and archaeological artifacts.
However, its use is still helpful where recognizable products of dateable manufacture are found in undated contexts with no possibility of using a technique.