It became the capital of Romania in 1862 and is the centre of Romanian media, culture, and art.Its architecture is a mix of historical (neo-classical), interbellum (Bauhaus and art deco), communist-era and modern.
A short-lived revolt initiated by Tudor Vladimirescu in 1821 led to the end of the rule of Constantinople Greeks in Bucharest.
The Old Princely Court (Curtea Veche) was erected by Mircea Ciobanul in the mid-16th century.
Bucharest finally became the permanent location of the Wallachian court after 1698 (starting with the reign of Constantin Brâncoveanu).
Partly destroyed by natural disasters and rebuilt several times during the following 200 years, and hit by Caragea's plague in 1813–14, the city was wrested from Ottoman control and occupied at several intervals by the Habsburg Monarchy (1716, 1737, 1789) and Imperial Russia (three times between 17).
Economically, Bucharest is the most prosperous city in Romania and is one of the main industrial centres and transportation hubs of Eastern Europe.
The city has big convention facilities, educational institutes, cultural venues, traditional "shopping arcades", and recreational areas.
The city suffered a short period of Nazi Luftwaffe bombings, as well as a failed attempt by German troops to regain the city.
After the establishment of communism in Romania, the city continued growing.
After World War I, Bucharest became the capital of Greater Romania.
In the interwar years, Bucharest's urban development continued, with the city gaining an average of 30,000 new residents each year.
From top, left to right: Colțea Hospital panorama • Romanian Athenaeum • Victory Avenue • Lipscani district, view towards Caru' cu bere and Stavropoleos Monastery • Palace of Justice • CEC Palace • National Bank of Romania • Floreasca park, on the banks of the Dâmbovița River, less than 60 km (37.3 mi) north of the Danube River and the Bulgarian border.