This law also required that firearm certificates specify the identification numbers (“if known”) of all firearms and shotguns owned by the applicant. * In 1997, Britain passed a law requiring civilians to surrender almost all privately owned handguns to the police.More than 162,000 handguns and 1.5 million pounds of ammunition were “compulsorily surrendered” by February 1998.
When the Supreme Court overturned the District of Columbia’s handgun ban in June 2008, at least four of these suburbs repealed their bans. * In June 2010, the U. Supreme Court ruled (5 to 4) that Chicago’s ban was unconstitutional. Thereafter, Chicago adopted gun ordinances that required licensees to have firearm range training but prohibited firing ranges within the city. After an unfavorable federal court ruling, Chicago revised its regulations to permit firing ranges within the city, subject to “comprehensive” regulations. As of January 2016, there were no firing ranges within the city limits. * In July 2013, Illinois passed a law that permits concealed carrying of handguns, making it the last state in the U. to allow concealed carry. By the end of 2014, nearly 91,700 concealed carry permits had been issued in the state, and 26% of these permits were issued in Cook County, which includes Chicago. * In 2011, the Chicago Police Department made an “internal policy decision to discontinue” its murder analysis reports that provided data on total firearm and handgun murders.
The Chicago Police Department expects to begin publishing these reports again in 2017. someone convicted of or under indictment for a felony punishable by more than one year in prison, someone convicted of a misdemeanor punishable by more than two years in prison, a fugitive from justice, an unlawful user of any controlled substance, someone who has been ruled as mentally defective or has been committed to any mental institution, an illegal alien, someone dishonorably discharged from the military, someone who has renounced his or her U. citizenship, someone subject to certain restraining orders, or someone convicted of a domestic violence misdemeanor.    * Under federal law, private individuals are not required to a conduct a background check before selling or transferring a firearm to someone who lives in the same state, but it is illegal and punishable by up to 10 years in prison for a private individual to sell or transfer a firearm while “knowing” or having “reasonable cause to believe” that the recipient falls into one of the prohibited categories above.  * From the inception of the federal background check system in 1998 to 2014, about 202.5 million background checks for gun purchases were processed through the FBI’s background check system.
‡ Large anomalies unrelated to guns: * In 1982, the city of Chicago instituted a ban on handguns.
This barred civilians from possessing handguns except for those registered with the city government prior to enactment of the law.
The law also specified that such handguns had to be re-registered every two years or owners would forfeit their right to possess them.
In 1994, the law was amended to require annual re-registration. * In the wake of Chicago’s handgun ban, at least five suburbs surrounding Chicago instituted similar handgun bans.This is roughly 27 times lower than the CDC’s 1994 estimate for the number of times Americans use guns to frighten away intruders who are breaking into their homes. * The President of the United States appoints justices to the Supreme Court. He argued that this was implausible because, based on the country’s population at the time, a federal standing army couldn’t field more than 25,000–30,000 men.These appointments must be approved by a majority of the Senate. Senate rules allow for a “filibuster,” in which a vote to approve a justice can be blocked unless three-fifths of the senators (typically 60 out of 100) agree to let it take place. * Once seated, federal judges serve for life unless they voluntarily resign or are removed through impeachment, which requires a majority vote of the House of Representatives and a two-thirds vote in the Senate. * In 2008, the U. He then wrote: To these would be opposed a militia amounting to near half a million of citizens with arms in their hands, officered by men chosen from among themselves, fighting for their common liberties, and united and conducted by governments possessing their affections and confidence.Of these, approximately 1.2 million or 0.6% were denied. * States may prosecute cases that the federal government does not.In 2010, Pennsylvania convicted more than 100 individuals for state law violations arising out of firearm background check denials. * If an FBI background check takes longer than three days, the gun sale is approved by default. This is how Dylann Roof, the killer of nine people at a black church in South Carolina in 2015, was able to buy a gun despite having a police record that included drug possession. * In 2010, the FBI referred 2,000 to 3,000 cases of post-gun sale denials to the U. Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms (ATF) for further action. The ATF retrieved guns in 1,157 cases. * According to a 2014 Government Accountability Office report, the ATF “does not have information readily available to systematically track the timeliness and outcomes—such as if a firearm is retrieved—of delayed denial investigations.” The Department prioritizes prosecuting prohibited persons who actually obtain guns—people who have gotten around the background check system and acquired weapons—illegally rather than those who attempted to purchase a firearm through the background check system but were unsuccessful. * According to federal agents interviewed in a 2004 U. Justice Department investigation, the “vast majority” of denials under the federal background check system are issued to people who are not “a danger to the public because the prohibiting factors are often minor or based on incidents that occurred many years in the past.” As examples of such, agents stated that denials have been issued for: * Between February 2004 and December 2014, 2,233 firearm and three explosives background checks for people on terrorist watch lists were processed through the federal background check system.This research is based upon the most recent available data in 2016.