These environmental regions greatly affect the cultures of the people who live there.
The three largest and most dominant ethnic groups are the Hausa, Yoruba, and Igbo (pronounced ee-bo).
Other smaller groups include the Fulani, Ijaw, Kanuri, Ibibio, Tiv, and Edo.
Hausa is the oldest known written language in West Africa, dating back to before 1000 The dominant indigenous languages of the south are Yoruba and Igbo.
Prior to colonization, these languages were the unifying languages of the southwest and southeast, respectively, regardless of ethnicity.
So take a break from the bar scene, crowded clubs, expensive dating services, and embarrassing blind dates.
Though there is archaeological evidence that societies have been living in Nigeria for more than twenty-five hundred years, the borders of modern Nigeria were not created until the British consolidated their colonial power over the area in 1914.
The nation's capital was moved from Lagos, the country's largest city, to Abuja on 12 December 1991.
Abuja is in a federal territory that is not part of any state.
The name Nigeria was suggested by British journalist Flora Shaw in the 1890s.
She referred to the area as Nigeria, after the Niger River, which dominates much of the country's landscape. More than 250 ethnic tribes call present-day Nigeria home.
Pidgin, a mix of African languages and English, also is common throughout southern Nigeria.