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1742 saw the founding of the Frederick Academy, which became a university in 1743, but was moved that same year to Erlangen after serious riots because of the adverse reaction of the population.The university has remained there to the present today.) is a medium-sized town in northern Bavaria, Germany, on the Red Main river in a valley between the Franconian Jura and the Fichtelgebirge Mountains. In the early 21st century, it is the capital of Upper Franconia and has a population of 72,148 (2015).

While Bayreuth was previously (1199) referred to as a villa (village), the term civitas ("town") appeared for the first time in a document published in 1231.

One can therefore assume that Bayreuth was awarded its town charter between 12.

Initially, however, their residence and the centre of the territory was the castle of Plassenburg in Kulmbach.

The town of Bayreuth developed slowly and was affected time and again by disasters.

/ The priests / monks and nuns they either burnt at the stake / or took them onto the ice of lakes and rivers / (in Franconia and Bavaria) and doused them with cold water / and killed them in a deplorable way / as Boreck reported in the Bohemian Chronicle, page 450" By 1528, less than ten years after the start of the Reformation, the lords of the Frankish margrave territories switched to the Lutheran faith.

In 1605 a great fire, caused by negligence, destroyed 137 of the town's 251 houses.but was first mentioned in 1194 as Baierrute in a document by Bishop Otto II of Bamberg.The syllable -rute may mean Rodung or "clearing", whilst Baier- indicates immigrants from the Bavarian region.In 1620 plague broke out and, in 1621, there was another big fire in the town.The town also suffered during the Thirty Years War.During this time, the outer ring of the town wall and the castle chapel (Schlosskirche) were built.