The banner of Saint Piran is a white cross on a black background (in terms of heraldry 'sable, a cross argent').According to legend Saint Piran adopted these colours from seeing the white tin in the black coals and ashes during his discovery of tin.The ceremonial county of Cornwall also includes the Isles of Scilly, which are administered separately.
Cornwall is the homeland of the Cornish people and the cultural and ethnic origin of the Cornish diaspora.It retains a distinct cultural identity that reflects its unique history, and is recognised as one of the Celtic nations with a rich cultural heritage.Cornwall forms the tip of the south-west peninsula of the island of Great Britain, and is therefore exposed to the full force of the prevailing winds that blow in from the Atlantic Ocean.The coastline is composed mainly of resistant rocks that give rise in many places to tall cliffs.Few Roman remains have been found in Cornwall and there is little evidence that the Romans settled or had much military presence there.
After the collapse of the Roman Empire, Cornwall was ruled by chieftains of the Cornovii which may have included semi-historical or legendary figures such as King Mark of Cornwall and King Arthur, evidenced by folklore traditions derived from the Historia Regum Britanniae.
The area is noted for its wild moorland landscapes, its long and varied coastline, its attractive villages, its many place-names derived from the Cornish language, and its very mild climate.
Extensive stretches of Cornwall's coastline, and Bodmin Moor, are protected as an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. It is regarded as the county flag by Cornwall Council.
However, there are also many extensive stretches of fine golden sand which form the beaches that are so important to the tourist industry, such as those at Bude, Polzeath, Watergate Bay, Perranporth, Porthtowan, Fistral Beach, Newquay, St Agnes, St Ives, and on the south coast Gyllyngvase beach in Falmouth and the large beach at Praa Sands further to the south west.
There are two river estuaries on the north coast: Hayle Estuary and the estuary of the River Camel, which provides Padstow and Rock with a safe harbour.
The seaside town of Newlyn is a popular holiday destination, as it is one of the last remaining traditional Cornish fishing ports, with views reaching over Mount's Bay.