Buried traces of the church, dwellings, burgage plots and other buildings, structures and features associated with the original occupation of the fortifed centre, can be expected to survive within the interior.Past modern ploughing of the eastern part of the monument, and the construction of an electricity substation and two later houses and gardens, will have caused some disturbance to this area.
Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.
Anglo-Saxon centres, usually known as burhs, are defended urban areas that are characterised by a planned, ordered layout, sometimes including a regular grid of streets.
Most original buildings, including churches, dwellings and outbuildings, were simple timber structures, traces of which may survive in the form of fragile below ground features such as post holes, sill-beam slots and pits.
Other contemporary features include water supply and drainage systems, burgage plot boundaries, middens and street furniture.
The fortified centre of Eashing (known originally as Escingum) is listed in the tenth century document known as the Burghal Hidage.
The burh is believed to have been in use for a relatively short period, from around AD 880-930, when it was replaced as the regional centre by Guildford, 7km to the north east.Documentary evidence suggests that mints and markets were established in most of the larger centres.Many of the larger fortified centres now lie beneath modern cities or towns, but strong traces of their layout usually survive in the modern street plan.They are one of the earliest groups of planned medieval towns in western Europe.All examples with significant remains are considered to be of national importance.This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance.